Spielzeit american football

spielzeit american football

1. Febr. Wie bei Ballsportarten üblich, gilt es auch beim American Football mehr Punkte, als der Gegner zu erzielen. Die Spielzeit beim American. Spielzeit. Beim American Football ist das Spiel in vier Viertel unterteilt. Jedes Viertel ist nach den Regeln der NFL und auch der. American Football bietet nicht nur viel Action, es hat auch sehr viel mit Taktik zu Die reine Spielzeit für ein Footballspiel in Deutschland beträgt 4x12 Minuten. Allen defensiven Spielern ist gemein, dass sie Raumgewinn verhindern sollen, indem sie den Ballträger stoppen, Pässe verhindern oder sonst wie störend eingreifen sollen. Die Einhaltung der Regeln wird von den vier bis sieben gleichberechtigten Schiedsrichtern überwacht. November David Izinyon ist zurück! Amateurmannschaften haben meistens drei bis fünf Trainer, semi- professionelle Mannschaften über zehn Trainer. Wir haben für euch auch eine Übersicht über die Super Bowl-Werbung Er darf dies nur parallel zur Line of Scrimmage oder von ihr weg. So könnte eine Aufstellung aussehen. Der Strong Safety ist kräftiger und steht etwas näher an der Line of Scrimmage oft auch in der Linebacker-Reihe, circa fünf Yards hinter der Line , weil er gegen den Laufspielzug arbeitet und den Tight End abdeckt, der eher kurze Laufrouten hat und deutlich schwerer als ein gewöhnlicher Receiver ist. Die einen greifen an Offense , während die anderen verteidigen Defense. Schafft sie dies, erhält sie vier neue Versuche, gelingt ihr dies nicht oder verliert sie den Ball durch eine Interception oder einen Fumble , geht das Angriffsrecht an den Gegner.

In de praktijk aanvaarden de coaches meestal de beslissingen van de scheidsrechters. Al in spelen twee Amerikaanse universiteitsteams een demonstratiewedstrijd in het Amsterdamse Olympisch Stadion.

Op zijn oproep volgt de oprichting van de Amsterdam Rams. De eerste wedstrijd die een Nederlands American-footballteam ooit heeft gespeeld was dan ook de Amsterdam Rams op paaszondag tegen Herne Tigers uit Duitsland.

Bij gebrek aan Nederlandse tegenstanders werd er in en in de Duitse OberLiga gespeeld. Ondertussen vinden er in Nederland allerlei initiatieven plaats, zoals demonstratiewedstrijden en de komst van SkyChannel met uitzendingen van Amerikaanse wedstrijden.

Dit alles leidt tot de oprichting van diverse Nederlandse verenigingen zoals o. In diezelfde periode eind splitst zich een kleine groep af van de Amsterdam Rams en vormen een nieuw Team: In gaat de eerste Nederlandse American-footballcompetitie van start.

In deze finale staan de Amsterdam Rams tegenover de Amsterdam Crusaders. De eerste en enige Superbowl de latere edities van de finale heten Tulip Bowl werd gewonnen door de Rams.

In de beginperiode groeit de sport explosief, van enkele teams midden jaren tachtig tot ruim veertig teams eind jaren tachtig.

Daarnaast konden de grotere Randstedelijke American-footballteams Amsterdam Crusaders, Hague Raiders, Amsterdam Rams zich in zeer korte tijd verder professionaliseren het inhuren van Amerikaanse spelers en coaches door het aantrekken van grote sponsors.

Deze interesseerden zich voor de nieuwe sport vanwege het frisse uiterlijk en de relatief grote aandacht van tv en landelijke dagbladen.

In organiseert Nederland Eurobowl I, de finale van de Europese competitie van landskampioenen. In het Olympisch Stadion worden de Amsterdam Rams verdienstelijk derde.

De finale van de eerste Eurobowl wordt gewonnen door Taft Vantaa uit Finland. Met drie volledige competities gaat de NAFF in van start. Dit is tevens de eerste competitie die start met een aanzienlijk deel Nederlandse scheidsrechters, aangevuld met arbiters van de vliegbasis Soesterberg.

Eind jaren tachtig wordt gestart met een jeugdcompetitie, en wordt er veel naar flag football gekeken als alternatief voor de jeugd.

Verder groeit vooral in de hoogste klasse de kwaliteit van het spel enorm door de inbreng van Amerikaanse spelers en coaches.

Begin jaren negentig kan men spreken van een Nederlandse competitie die tot de sterkste van Europa behoort. Met als hoogtepunt de Amsterdam Crusaders, die vanaf tot alles in Nederland weten te winnen en in Europa tot de absolute top weten door te dringen, wat in en leidt tot het winnen van de Eurobowl.

Midden jaren negentig stagneert de groei van de sport en verdwijnen er verenigingen. De nieuwigheid is er vanaf en dat merk je ook aan de aandacht van sponsors voor de sport.

Aandacht van de televisie is niet langer vanzelfsprekend en met de groei van de jeugd wil het ook niet helemaal lukken.

Daarnaast kent de sport in de rest van Europa een ware renaissance, met veel publiek en media-aandacht. Het is deze situatie die de Amsterdam Crusaders doet beslissen om in en hun heil buiten Nederland te zoeken en in de European Football League verder te gaan.

Samen met de stagnatie van de sport in Nederland, vinden er mondiaal grote ontwikkelingen plaats. Zo gaat de World League of American Football van start.

Een competitie om enerzijds het American football in Europa te promoten en anderzijds te dienen als een farm league voor de NFL een league om bijvoorbeeld talentvolle spelers tot wasdom te laten komen voor het grote werk.

Deze ontwikkelingen hebben een grote invloed op het Nederlands American football. Eind jaren negentig is American football in Nederland terug bij af, althans voor de beoefening ervan.

Nog maar een derde van alle footballteams is overgebleven, er zijn geen sponsors meer, er is geen aandacht meer van de media en de competitie heeft veel van zijn kwaliteit ingeleverd.

In feite is dit een Amerikaans team dat geregeld meer dan Zoals het zich de laatste jaren laat aanzien, lijkt het er op dat het marginale voordeel van een Amerikaans professioneel team, de mogelijkheid van synergie, die zich slechts sporadisch voordoet zelden een Nederlandse speler of coach in de gelederen , niet opweegt tegen het nadeel.

Er is naast professioneel American football namelijk geen draagvlak meer voor een bloeiende, voor de media interessante, Nederlandse amateurcompetitie.

Op het einde van het seizoen spelen ze de Belgian Bowl. De BFL bestaat uit volgende teams:. Girlfriend is offered up for a Fantasy Football Trade!

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You Are Leaving Pornhub. The page you're trying to access: The sport is played in European countries such as Switzerland, which has American football clubs in every major city, [] and Germany, where the sport has around 45, registered amateur players.

But in these countries American football has not yet reached the same level of popularity it has, for example, in North America.

Brazil's audience is the 3rd of the world, behind only Mexico and United States. Rumors were that a Pro Bowl edition could be held there. One of the reasons of that boom in audience is the placekicker of Kansas City Chiefs , Cairo Santos , the first Brazilian player to reach some worldwide success in the sport.

To , a strongest league will get start in June, including 32 teams around the country, in 4 conferences. The recent born team already won his state championship, and for the Brazilian top league already has signed with former NFL's player Nic Harris.

In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football, since when has begun the practice of this sport in Argentina.

Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.

Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.

Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.

There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.

Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl. Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee.

History of American football. Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.

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Spielzeit american football -

Das führt unmissverständlich zu einer Einschränkung im Hinblick auf den Raum und dem Platz. Line to Gain Diese etwa 10 Yard breite Distanz muss überwunden werden, damit das angreifende Team erneut einen First Down zugesprochen bekommt. Welche Rolle könnte man sich für mich Vorstellen wenn ich Football anfange? Punt Ein Tritt gegen den Ball, bevor dieser auf dem Boden aufkommt. Es reicht nicht, den Ball einfach nach vorne in die besagte Endzone zu schleudern. Die Offense muss vor dem Snap mindestens eine Sekunde in ihrer Formation verharren.

Wide receivers Dit zijn spelers die meestal aan de zijkanten van het veld opgesteld staan en bepaalde patronen rennen om vrij te komen en de bal te vangen.

Het doel hierbij is om meerdere yards terreinwinst te boeken en sommige gevallen direct de endzone te bereieken. Een wide reciever heeft meerdere capaciteiten nodig om succesvol te zijn.

Naast snelheid en lengte moet hij tegen een stootje kunnen, wendbaar zijn en uiteraard extreem goed kunnen vangen. Tight ends Dit zijn spelers die of de offensive line helpen met blokken, of de quarterback helpen door vrij te komen om de bal te kunnen vangen.

Defensive line De defensive line probeert de aanval te verstoren door zo snel mogelijk naar voren te gaan en de offensive line naar achteren te drukken en bij de quarterback te komen.

De defensive line bestaat veelal uit grote sterke verdedigers. Linebackers De linebackers zijn er om de aanval op elke manier te stoppen.

Zij kunnen de runningback tackelen, proberen de bal door de lucht te vangen of de quarterback te tackelen. Linebackers staan iets achter de defensive lijn en combineren snelheid met kracht.

De zogenoemde Blitz, waarbij men met veel mensen tegelijk zo snel mogelijk bij de quarterback probeert te komen, is een van de specialiteiten.

Defensive backs corner backs, safety Dit zijn de spelers die de wide recievers dekken en de bal door de lucht proberen te onderscheppen.

Deze spelers zijn vaak net zo snel als de wide recievers en zijn specialist in het verhinderen van het vangen van de bal, door deze te blokken.

Special teams komen in actie tijdens specifieke momenten in de wedstrijd zoals het wegtrappen en ontvangen van de bal, en het maken van een fieldgoal of het punt na de touchdown.

Special teams kunnen ook spelers uit bijvoorbeeld het aanvalsteam bevatten. Vaak wordt er bijvoorbeeld bij het teruglopen van de bal gebruik gemaakt van een snelle reciever of running back die ook normaal bij de aanval meedoet.

Het team heeft in veel gevallen iemand die de bal trapt in specifieke gevallen. Vaak wordt deze rol door een enkele speler vervult die ook geen andere rol heeft dan het kicken en punten.

Punter De punter trapt de bal nadat het niet is gelukt om de 10 yards te overbruggen en men niet dichtbij genoeg is om een field goal te maken de bal naar de tegenpartij.

Met het punten van de balzorgt men ervoor dat de tegenstander ver van de endzone begint met de aanvalspogingen. Kicker De kicker is degene die probeert om een field goal te maken en om het extra punt na een touchdown tussen de palen te schieten.

Een american football wedstrijd begint met de coin toss oftewel kop of munt. Het team dat de coin toss wint mag kiezen of ze de bal willen wegtrappen of ontvangen.

List of sports attendance figures. Elke conferentie telt vier divisies, bestaande uit elk vier teams.

In totaal doen dus 32 teams mee in de strijd om de titel. Op de kalender staan 16 wedstrijden in het reguliere seizoen plus eventuele voor een team play-offwedstrijden.

Om verzekerd te zijn van de play-offs dient een team de divisie te winnen of in ieder geval tot de zes beste teams van de conferentie te behoren.

Sinds een aantal jaar wordt eenzelfde systeem gehanteerd, namelijk: De twee hoogst geplaatste teams per conferentie zijn de eerste play-offronde vrij dit wordt een 'bye' genoemd.

De overige vier teams spelen voor een plaats in de volgende ronde tegen deze ploegen. Het hoogst geplaatste team gebaseerd op de stand van het reguliere seizoen speelt altijd tegen het laagst geplaatste team in de play-offs en heeft tevens het thuisvoordeel.

De 'wild-card' teams zijn dan automatisch nummer 5 en 6. De andere tiebreaker is de balans binnen de divisie. De uiteindelijke finale, de Super Bowl , vindt plaats begin februari.

Dit evenement wordt bekeken door bijna een derde van de Amerikaanse bevolking. Buiten de VS kijken er zo'n 6 miljoen mensen naar deze finale geschat aantal.

Tussen de 10 best bekeken programma's ooit in de VS staan 6 superbowls. In de VS kan de coach van een team aan de hoofdscheidsrechter vragen om zijn beslissing te herzien op basis van televisiebeelden.

In de praktijk aanvaarden de coaches meestal de beslissingen van de scheidsrechters. Al in spelen twee Amerikaanse universiteitsteams een demonstratiewedstrijd in het Amsterdamse Olympisch Stadion.

Op zijn oproep volgt de oprichting van de Amsterdam Rams. De eerste wedstrijd die een Nederlands American-footballteam ooit heeft gespeeld was dan ook de Amsterdam Rams op paaszondag tegen Herne Tigers uit Duitsland.

Bij gebrek aan Nederlandse tegenstanders werd er in en in de Duitse OberLiga gespeeld. Ondertussen vinden er in Nederland allerlei initiatieven plaats, zoals demonstratiewedstrijden en de komst van SkyChannel met uitzendingen van Amerikaanse wedstrijden.

Dit alles leidt tot de oprichting van diverse Nederlandse verenigingen zoals o. In diezelfde periode eind splitst zich een kleine groep af van de Amsterdam Rams en vormen een nieuw Team: In gaat de eerste Nederlandse American-footballcompetitie van start.

In deze finale staan de Amsterdam Rams tegenover de Amsterdam Crusaders. De eerste en enige Superbowl de latere edities van de finale heten Tulip Bowl werd gewonnen door de Rams.

In de beginperiode groeit de sport explosief, van enkele teams midden jaren tachtig tot ruim veertig teams eind jaren tachtig.

Daarnaast konden de grotere Randstedelijke American-footballteams Amsterdam Crusaders, Hague Raiders, Amsterdam Rams zich in zeer korte tijd verder professionaliseren het inhuren van Amerikaanse spelers en coaches door het aantrekken van grote sponsors.

Deze interesseerden zich voor de nieuwe sport vanwege het frisse uiterlijk en de relatief grote aandacht van tv en landelijke dagbladen.

In organiseert Nederland Eurobowl I, de finale van de Europese competitie van landskampioenen. In het Olympisch Stadion worden de Amsterdam Rams verdienstelijk derde.

De finale van de eerste Eurobowl wordt gewonnen door Taft Vantaa uit Finland. Met drie volledige competities gaat de NAFF in van start.

Dit is tevens de eerste competitie die start met een aanzienlijk deel Nederlandse scheidsrechters, aangevuld met arbiters van de vliegbasis Soesterberg.

Eind jaren tachtig wordt gestart met een jeugdcompetitie, en wordt er veel naar flag football gekeken als alternatief voor de jeugd.

Verder groeit vooral in de hoogste klasse de kwaliteit van het spel enorm door de inbreng van Amerikaanse spelers en coaches.

Begin jaren negentig kan men spreken van een Nederlandse competitie die tot de sterkste van Europa behoort. Met als hoogtepunt de Amsterdam Crusaders, die vanaf tot alles in Nederland weten te winnen en in Europa tot de absolute top weten door te dringen, wat in en leidt tot het winnen van de Eurobowl.

In , both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records. Each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0—0 tie.

This "block game" proved extremely unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, and a reversion to the scrum was considered.

However, Camp successfully proposed a rule in that limited each team to three downs , or tackles, to advance the ball five yards.

Failure to advance the ball the required distance within those three downs would result in control of the ball being forfeited to the other team.

This change effectively made American football a separate sport from rugby, and the resulting five-yard lines added to the field to measure distances made it resemble a gridiron in appearance.

Other major rule changes included a reduction of the field size to by Despite these new rules, football remained a violent sport. Dangerous mass-formations, which involved interlocking interference, like the flying wedge resulted in serious injuries and deaths.

The legal forward pass was introduced in , although its impact was initially limited due to the restrictions placed on its use.

Other rule changes introduced that year included the reduction of the time of play from 70 to 60 minutes and the increase of the distance required for a first down from 5 to 10 yards 9.

To reduce infighting and dirty play between teams, the neutral zone was created along the width of the football.

This is the first recorded instance of a player being paid to participate in a game of American football , although many athletic clubs in the s offered indirect benefits, such as helping players attain employment, giving out trophies or watches that players could pawn for money, or paying double in expense money.

Despite these extra benefits, the game had a strict sense of amateurism at the time, and direct payment to players was frowned upon, if not outright prohibited.

Over time, professional play became increasingly common, and with it came rising salaries and unpredictable player movement, as well as the illegal payment of college players who were still in school.

The National Football League NFL , a group of professional teams that was originally established in as the American Professional Football Association, aimed to solve these problems.

This new league's stated goals included an end to bidding wars over players, prevention of the use of college players, and abolition of the practice of paying players to leave another team.

The dominant form of football at the time was played at the collegiate level , but the upstart NFL received a boost to its legitimacy in when an NFL team, the Pottsville Maroons , defeated a team of Notre Dame all-stars in an exhibition game.

The game, a 23—17 overtime victory by the Colts, was seen by millions of television viewers and had a major impact on the popularity of the sport.

This, along with the innovations introduced by the new American Football League AFL in the early s, helped football to become the most popular sport in the United States by the mids.

The bidding war for players ended in , when NFL owners approached the AFL regarding a merger, and the two leagues agreed on one that would take full effect in This agreement provided for a common draft that would take place each year, and it instituted an annual World Championship game to be played between the champions of each league.

That game began play at the end of the season. Once the merger was completed, it was no longer a championship game between two leagues, and reverted to the NFL championship game, which came to be known as the Super Bowl.

College football maintained a tradition of postseason bowl games. Each bowl game would be associated with a particular conference, and earning a spot in a bowl game was the reward for winning a conference.

This arrangement was profitable, but it tended to prevent the two top-ranked teams from meeting in a true national championship game, as they would normally be committed to the bowl games of their respective conferences.

Several systems have been used since to determine a national champion of college football. The first was the Bowl Coalition , in place from to A football game is played between two teams of 11 players each.

Individual players in a football game must be designated with a uniform number between 1 and NFL teams are required to number their players by a league-approved numbering system, and any exceptions must be approved by the Commissioner.

The role of the offensive unit is to advance the football down the field with the ultimate goal of scoring a touchdown. The offensive team must line up in a legal formation before they can snap the ball.

An offensive formation is considered illegal if there are more than four players in the backfield or fewer than five players numbered 50—79 on the offensive line.

Interior offensive linemen are not allowed to move until the snap of the ball. The quarterback is the leader of the offense.

Either the quarterback or a coach calls the plays. Quarterbacks typically inform the rest of the offense of the play in the huddle before the team lines up.

The quarterback lines up behind the center to take the snap and then hands the ball off, throws it or runs with it.

The primary role of the halfback, also known as the running back or tailback, is to carry the ball on running plays. Halfbacks may also serve as receivers.

Fullbacks tend to be larger than halfbacks and function primarily as blockers, but they are sometimes used as runners in short-yardage situations [47] and are seldom used in passing situations.

The offensive line OL consists of several players whose primary function is to block members of the defensive line from tackling the ball carrier on running plays or sacking the quarterback on passing plays.

The principal receivers are the wide receivers WR and the tight ends TE. The main goal of the wide receiver is to catch passes thrown by the quarterback, [47] but they may also function as decoys or as blockers during running plays.

Tight ends line up outside the tackles and function both as receivers and as blockers. The role of the defense is to prevent the offense from scoring by tackling the ball carrier or by forcing turnovers interceptions or fumbles.

Defensive ends line up on the ends of the line, while defensive tackles line up inside, between the defensive ends. The primary responsibilities of defensive ends and defensive tackles is to stop running plays on the outside and inside, respectively, to pressure the quarterback on passing plays, and to occupy the line so that the linebackers can break through.

Linebackers line up behind the defensive line but in front of the defensive backfield. They are divided into two types: Linebackers are the defensive leaders and call the defensive plays.

Their diverse roles include defending the run, pressuring the quarterback, and guarding backs, wide receivers and tight ends in the passing game.

The defensive backfield , often called the secondary, consists of cornerbacks CB and safeties S. Safeties are themselves divided into free safeties FS and strong safeties SS.

Safeties are the last line of defense, and are responsible for stopping deep passing plays as well as running plays. The special teams unit is responsible for all kicking plays.

The special teams unit of the team in control of the ball will try and execute field goal FG attempts, punts and kickoffs , while the opposing team's unit will aim to block or return them.

Three positions are specific to the field goal and PAT point-after-touchdown unit: The long snapper's job is to snap the football to the holder, who will catch and position it for the placekicker.

There is not usually a holder on kickoffs, because the ball is kicked off of a tee; however, a holder may be used in certain situations, such as if wind is preventing the ball from remaining upright on the tee.

The player on the receiving team who catches the ball is known as the kickoff returner KR. The positions specific to punt plays are the punter P , long snapper, upback and gunner.

The long snapper snaps the football directly to the punter, who then drops and kicks it before it hits the ground. Gunners line up split outside the line and race down the field, aiming to tackle the punt returner PR — the player that catches the punt.

Upbacks line up a short distance behind the line of scrimmage, providing additional protection to the punter.

In American football, the winner is the team that has scored the most points at the end of the game. There are multiple ways to score in a football game.

The touchdown TD , worth six points, is the most valuable scoring play in American football. A touchdown is scored when a live ball is advanced into, caught in, or recovered in the end zone of the opposing team.

A PAT is most commonly attempted from the two- or three-yard line, depending on the level of play. If scored by a placekick or dropkick through the goal posts, it is worth one point, and is typically called the extra point.

In such a case, a successful attempt is called the two-point conversion [54] and is worth two points. For the season, the NFL adopted a rules on PATs that stated during an extra point the placekick must be snapped from the yard line and on extra points if the kick is blocked and the opposing team returns it into the end zone or if during a two-point conversion the ball is fumbled or intercepted and returned to the end zone the opposing team will score two points.

No points are awarded on a failed extra point or two-point conversion attempt, although under a rare set of circumstances it is possible to score a safety, worth one point, if the defense takes the ball back into its own end zone and is downed there.

A field goal FG , worth three points, is scored when the ball is placekicked or dropkicked through the uprights and over the crossbars of the defense's goalposts.

A safety is scored when the ball carrier is tackled in their own end zone. Safeties are worth two points, which are awarded to the defense.

Lines marked along the ends and sides of the field are known respectively as the end lines and sidelines , and goal lines are marked 10 yards 9.

Weighted pylons are placed on the inside corner of the intersections of the goal lines and end lines. White markings on the field identify the distance from the end zone.

Inbound lines, or hash marks , are short parallel lines that mark off 1 yard 0. Yard lines , which can run the width of the field, are marked every 5 yards 4.

A one-yard-wide line is placed at each end of the field; this line is marked at the center of the two-yard line in professional play and at the three-yard line in college play.

Numerals that display the distance from the closest goal line in yards are placed on both sides of the field every ten yards.

Goalposts are located at the center of the plane of each of the two end lines. The crossbar of these posts is ten feet 3.

Goal posts are padded at the base, and orange ribbons are normally placed at the tip of each upright. The football itself is an oval ball, similar to the balls used in rugby or Australian rules football.

Football games last for a total of 60 minutes in professional and college play and are divided into two-halves of 30 minutes and four-quarters of 15 minutes.

The visiting team is allowed to call 'heads' or 'tails'; the winner of the toss is allowed to decide between choosing whether to receive or kick off the ball or choosing which goal they want to defend, but they can also defer their choice until the second half.

The losing team, unless the winning team decides to defer, is allowed to choose the option the winning team did not select, and receives the option to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.

Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game would allow the other team to choose which goal to defend.

Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages — the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours.

An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official. If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense.

The play clock is set to 40 seconds in professional and college football and to 25 seconds in high school play or following certain administrative stoppages in the former levels of play.

There are two main ways that the offense can advance the ball: In a typical play, the quarterback calls the play, and the center passes the ball backwards and under their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out of bounds, or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.

A forward pass can only be legally attempted if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage. The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs.

If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs.

If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense. In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from further down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might also attempt to score a field goal.

There are two categories of kicks in football: On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.

The ball may be drop-kicked or place-kicked. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the ground or on a tee, and a holder may be used in either case.

On a safety kick, the kicking team kicks the ball from their own yard line. They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play.

Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball, and the ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.

Spielzeit American Football Video

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