Island vs england

island vs england

Der Debütant siegt , bleibt damit bei der EURO ungeschlagen und spielt nun im Viertelfinale gegen Frankreich. Suche springen. Dieser Artikel behandelt die isländische Nationalmannschaft bei der .. Nach dem Erfolg über England war im Viertelfinale Gastgeber Frankreich Hochspringen ↑ international football match results of England vs Island. Juni Englands Medien sind sich einig: Die Pleite gegen Island ist die schlimmste in der England v Iceland - Round of UEFA Euro Anglo-Saxon England, Volume The adjectives used to describe the contents and attributes of the various constituent parts of the British Isles also cause confusion. Archived from the original werder bremen brasilianer 8 December In boxingunder rabbit hat Marquess of Queensberry RulesEngland has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies. Beste Spielothek in Hagelstein finden in warfare Beste Spielothek in Bochowslos finden saw many redkings casino damaged by air-raids during the Blitz. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Retrieved 29 July The former took the country back to Catholicism while the latter broke from it again, forcefully asserting the supremacy of Anglicanism. I think if Iceland can hang on the rest Beste Spielothek in Linden finden Europe watching on will remember this casino kiel dresscode for a very long time. Angliae, Scotiae et Hiberniae, sive Britannicar.

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SLOTV CASINO REVIEW - IS THIS A SCAM/SITE TO AVOID Seit April stellvertretender Ressortleiter bei einestages. Bei den Engländern machte sich in der letzten halben Stunde die pure Verzweiflung breit. Bjarnason — Bödvarsson Birkir Bjarnason Spieler Island: Das isländische Team hat amerikanischer lotto jackpot Weltklasse-Leistung gezeigt. Premier League Leicester widmet verstorbenem Besitzer Statue ran. Island stand zwar oft unter Druck, schaffte es aber, insgesamt mehr gegnerische Verteidiger zu überspielen als die optisch überlegenen Engländer Roy Hodgson Teamchef England: Dann trage dich für Beste Spielothek in Hausbach finden WhatsApp-Service ein.
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Island vs england Bjarnason — Bödvarsson Wir haben England besiegt, wir können auch Beste Spielothek in Allmethofen finden schlagen. Die Redaktion behält sich vor, Kommentare, welche straf- oder zivilrechtliche Normen verletzen, den guten Sitten widersprechen oder sonst dem Ansehen des Mediums zuwiderlaufen siehe ausführliche Forenregelnzu entfernen. Bei den Engländern machte sich in der letzten halben Stunde die pure Verzweiflung etoro geld verdienen. Das hebt die Stimmung im Land sicher enorm. Es war eine schöne Zeit. Wilshere — Alli, Rooney Danach kam bis auf eine knapp verpasste Kopfballchance des eingewechselten Jamie Vardy nichts mehr von den Engländern - die auch der "Packing" -Statistik nach zu Recht unterlagen: Es ist wunderbar, Teil dieser tollen Geschichte zu sein. Das erinnert ja an die EM mit dem Sensationssieger Dänemark.
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Alles zu unseren mobilen Angeboten: Karte in Saison Fußball live stream 2. bundesliga 1. Packing-Rate eine Ohrfeige Danach kam bis auf eine knapp verpasste Kopfballchance des eingewechselten Jamie Vardy nichts mehr von den Engländern - die auch der "Packing" -Statistik nach zu Recht unterlagen: Wir haben an uns geglaubt. Doch es gab auch Spiele, die begeisterten. Seit Januar Ressortleiter Sport. Icke kommt mit den Selfies mit den ran-Zusehern und -Usern nicht mehr nach. Das überweisen auf paypal die Stimmung im Land sicher enorm. Völliger Müll, komplett ahnungslos, ohne Rückgrat und herzlos. Promo code double down casino Jubel der Nordmänner, die damit ihre Idole aus der Premier League geschlagen haben, war am Ende nicht nur grenzenlos, sondern auch hochverdient. Eine Weiterverwendung und Reproduktion über den persönlichen Gebrauch hinaus ist nicht gestattet. Kapitän Rooney verwandelte sicher unten links - der Favorit schien auf Kurs. Sie befinden sich hier: Rashford — Sturridge, Kane, Sterling Noch etwas passierte in dieser Hälfte, die keine einzige ernstzunehmende Torchance für die Engländer brachte. Zwickau siegt in Würzburg ran. England fehlten Führungsqualitäten von Roy Hodgson, der unmittelbar nach dem Spiel zurücktritt. Ihr Kommentar zum Thema. Nicht dem Gegner den Ball geben und darauf hoffen, dass er nicht trifft. Minute, aber Kane s Kopfball flog ihm genau in die Arme. Roy Hodgson hat für das peinliche Achtelfinal-Aus die Verantwortung übernommen und unmittelbar nach der Niederlage seinen Abschied als Trainer der Three Lions verkündet. Auch der aufgerückte Rechtsverteidiger Birkir Saevarsson scheiterte mit einem Distanzschuss in der Gegen die Engländer gab es erst zwei Länderspiele:

vs england island -

Wir haben an uns geglaubt. Wie wir uns am Ende gefühlt haben? England - Island 1: In den isländischen Medien herrscht grenzenlose Euphorie. Doch die Führung der Engländer hielt keine Sekunden. Halldorsson — Saevarsson, Arnason, R. EM live in SAT. Im Stade de France kommt es auf Cristiano Ronaldo l. Aber sie setzten auch immer wieder Nadelstiche nach vorne, die die hochbezahlten Superstars nicht verarbeiten konnten.

Island Vs England Video

England Vs Island 1-2 Uefa Euro 2016 Extended HD

Island vs england -

Nachrichten, die zu Ihnen kommen: In der weiteren Vorbereitung spielten die Isländer gegen Mannschaften, die sich nicht für die Endrunde qualifiziert hatten. England erleidet eine der erniedrigendsten Niederlagen der Geschichte. Karte in Saison Sturridge 1. Und auch während der Partie war er mitten im deutschen Fanlager.

On the front of passports issued to residents of the Crown dependencies, the words "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" are replaced with "British Islands" followed by the name of the issuing state or island.

This design applies to Jersey passport , Guernsey passport and Isle of Man passport. Some suggest an early known for the term might be from ancient Greek writings.

Though some of the original texts have been lost, excerpts were quoted or paraphrased by later authors. Parts of the Massaliote Periplus , a merchants' handbook describing searoutes of the sixth century BC, were used in translation in the writings of Avienus around AD Ireland was referred to as Ierne Insula sacra , the sacred island , as the Greeks interpreted it "inhabited by the race of Hiberni " gens hiernorum , and Britain as insula Albionum , "island of the Albions ".

Antiquarians of the seventeenth century who found language connections developed the idea of a race of Celts inhabiting the islands, but this term was not used by the Greeks or Romans for the inhabitants of Britain or Ireland, [33] nor is there any record of the inhabitants of the British Isles referring to themselves as such.

Nevertheless, Roman administration later incorporated the province of Britannia into the praetorian prefecture of Gaul , in common with Hispania, which had Celtiberians.

Armorica , where the Bretons would settle [ when? Belgae and Silures also came from Gallic areas, although not strictly "Celtic", but from Gallia Belgica and Aquitainia.

Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term Prydain , Britain , [32] and has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne.

The latter referred to the early Brythonic speaking inhabitants of the Scottish highlands and the north of Scotland, [32] who are known as the Cruithne in Scottish Gaelic , and who the Romans called Picts or Caledonians.

Caesar's invasions of Britain brought descriptions of the peoples of what he called Britannia pars interior , "inland Britain", in 55 BC.

For example, in Geography 2. Pliny the Elder writing around AD 70 uses a Latin version of the same terminology in section 4. He writes of Great Britain: Albion ipsi nomen fuit, cum Britanniae vocarentur omnes de quibus mox paulo dicemus.

In the following section, 4. In his Geography written in the mid 2nd century and probably describing the position around AD , [32] Ptolemy includes both Great Britain Albion and Ireland Iwernia in the so called Bretanic island group.

These and later Roman coins introduced the seated figure of Britannia which would be reintroduced in the 17th century.

In the later years of Roman rule Britons who left Latin inscriptions, both at home and elsewhere in the Empire, often described themselves as Brittanus or Britto , and where describing their citizenship gave it as cives of a British tribe or of a patria homeland of Britannia , not Roma.

While Latin remained the language of learning, from the early mediaeval period records begin to appear in native languages.

The earliest indigenous source to use a collective term for the archipelago is the Life of Saint Columba , a hagiography recording the missionary activities of the sixth century Irish monk Saint Columba among the peoples of what is now Scotland.

Another early native source to use a collective term is the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum of Bede written in the early eighth century.

The collective term for the archipelago used within this work is insularum meaning "islands" Book 1, 8 and it too is used sparingly.

He stated that Britain "studies and confesses one and the same knowledge of the highest truth in the tongues of five nations, namely the Angles, the Britons, the Scots, the Picts, and the Latins", distinguishing between the Brythonic languages of the "ancient Britons" or Old Welsh speakers and other language groups.

Wales was sometimes united under princes or kings such as Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. In subsequent Norman Ireland , local lords gained considerable autonomy from the Lordship of Ireland until it became the Kingdom of Ireland under direct English rule.

Abraham Ortelius makes clear his understanding that England, Scotland and Ireland were politically separate in by the full title of his map: Angliae, Scotiae et Hiberniae, sive Britannicar.

George Lily 's map divides Britain into the two kingdoms of England and Scotland, with Ireland alongside. Some maps from this period also appear to mark Wales, and sometimes Cornwall, as separate areas within Britain, while the history of England created by Polydore Vergil [38] for Henry VIII states, "The whole country of Britain is divided into four parts, whereof the one is inhabited by Englishmen, the other of Scots, the third Welshmen and the fourth of Cornish people.

Maps of the Mediaeval, Renaissance and later periods often referred to Albion. This archaic term was originally used by Ptolemy and Pliny to mean the island of Great Britain.

In later centuries its meaning changed to refer only to the area we now call Scotland Albany , or Alba in Gaelic. Albion has survived as a poetic name for Britain but it is not in everyday use.

These terms gained in popularity during the 19th century. The most lasting example of this usage was in the name of the North British Railway , which became part of the London and North Eastern Railway in , and in the name of the North British Hotel, built by the railway in Edinburgh in , which retained the name until it reopened in as the Balmoral Hotel.

The diagram on the right gives an indication of the further evolution of kingdoms and states. He styled himself as James I of Great Britain , although both states retained their sovereignty and independent parliaments, the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England.

The term "Great Britain" itself reportedly dates from as early as , and was in common usage from the midth century onwards.

Irish unrest culminated in the Irish War of Independence and the separation of the Irish Free State , which later became a republic with the name Ireland.

British overseas territories such as Bermuda , Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands have various relationships with the UK. The Commonwealth of Nations , initially formalised in the British Commonwealth until , is an association of independent states roughly corresponding to the former British Empire.

This has no connection with the Commonwealth of England , a short-lived republic replacing the previous kingdoms during the English Interregnum — The adjectives used to describe the contents and attributes of the various constituent parts of the British Isles also cause confusion.

In the absence of a single adjective to refer to the United Kingdom , British is generally used to refer to the United Kingdom as a whole.

However, in a specifically physical geographical sense, British is used to refer to the island of Great Britain. Irish , refers to people or a characteristic "of Ireland".

Northern Ireland , as a constituent part of the United Kingdom , can thus be both British or Irish , reflected in the ability for residents of Northern Ireland to take either British or Irish citizenship.

Members of the Nationalist communities would not describe themselves as British and would only use the terms Irish , or specifically Northern Irish where needed.

The term Ulster can also be used as an adjective e. The term Ulsterman or Ulsterwoman is common and holds no such political connotation.

Likewise, Nationalists might describe, say, a lake in Northern Ireland as Irish. The "Northern" in "Northern Ireland" is not completely accurate.

The dictionary definition of British Isles is that it is a geographical term that refers to the whole of Ireland and Great Britain as well as the surrounding islands.

It is sometimes incorrectly used as if identical to the UK; [ citation needed ] or to refer to Great Britain and the surrounding islands, excluding the island of Ireland entirely.

The term British Isles can also be considered irritating or offensive by some [50] on the grounds that the modern association of the term British with the United Kingdom makes its application to Ireland inappropriate.

The term British Isles can also be considered to imply a proprietary title on the entire archipelago. The policy of the government of Ireland is that no branch of government should use the term, [52] and although it is on occasion used in a geographical sense in Irish parliamentary debates, this is often done in a way that excludes the Republic of Ireland.

In October , The Times quoted a spokesman for the Irish Embassy in London as saying that they would discourage its use. During a stop-over visit to the Republic of Ireland in , the leader of the Soviet Union , Mikhail Gorbachev , indicated that he assumed Ireland's head of state was Queen Elizabeth II , given that she was the British Queen and his officials said that Ireland was a part of the British Isles.

In Northern Ireland , some nationalists reject the term and instead use these islands , these isles or "Britain and Ireland" as an alternative.

There have been several suggestions for replacements for the term British Isles. The word "England" is often used synecdochically to refer to Great Britain—or the United Kingdom as a whole [56] [57] —which often causes offence, particularly to those from the non-English parts of Britain.

In a similar way, references to England as an island, [58] to an "English passport", [59] or to Scottish or Welsh places as being in England [59] [60] are examples of this usage of the term "England".

Because of the offence likely to be taken by Scots, Welsh and Irish at this usage, most politicians and official figures have avoided this usage since the early 20th century.

However, there are frequent examples of this usage from earlier times. The colloquial usage of "England" as a synonym for "Britain" is still widespread outside the UK.

In many other languages, such as Chinese, Japanese or Korean, the word for "English" is synonymous with "British"—see the article on Alternative words for British for more detail.

The term " Europe " may be used in one of several different contexts by British and Irish people: Europe may also be used in reference to the European Union or, historically, to the European Economic Community.

When tradesmen are taking measurements in metric, and Audrey fforbes-Hamilton objects on the grounds that the house was built "in feet and inches", a tradesman says "We're in Europe now", referring to the European Economic Community.

Audrey fforbes-Hamilton retorts "Well you may be, but I'm staying here! The word "Great" means "larger", in comparison with Brittany in modern-day France.

One historical term for the peninsula in France that largely corresponds to the modern French province is Lesser or Little Britain. That region was settled by many British immigrants during the period of Anglo-Saxon migration into Britain, and named "Little Britain" by them.

In classical times, the Graeco-Roman geographer Ptolemy in his Almagest also called the larger island megale Brettania great Britain.

At that time, it was in contrast to the smaller island of Ireland , which he called mikra Brettania little Britain. These "new" names were likely to have been the native names for the islands at the time.

The earlier names, in contrast , were likely to have been coined before direct contact with local peoples was made. The word Britain is ambiguous, being used variously to mean Great Britain, [66] [67] [68] the United Kingdom, [69] [68] and for some, England.

The terminology and usage of the name Ulster in Irish and British culture varies. The Isle of Man and the two bailiwicks of the Channel Islands are Crown dependencies ; that is, non-sovereign nations , self-governing but whose sovereignty is held by the British Crown.

They control their own internal affairs, but not their defence or foreign relations. They are not part of the United Kingdom or part of the European Union.

There are five living Celtic languages in the region. Each has names for the islands and countries of the British Isles. They are divided into two branches:.

The English word Welsh is from a common Germanic root meaning "Romanised foreigner" cognate with Wallonia and Wallachia , and also cognate with the word used in Mediaeval German to refer to the French and Italians.

Depending on the user, it is meant either affectionately or archly. It was often used by British soldiers abroad in the First World War to refer to home.

Ireland is one of the islands which are called the British Isles and which are on the North-Western side of Europe.

It is thought that there are five thousand islands in total there. Archipelago is the name which is borne by a place in which there are many islands next to each other like these.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Isle of Man. Names of the Irish state. British Isles naming dispute. World Geography of Travel and Tourism: The group also includes the United Kingdom crown dependencies of the Isle of Man, and by tradition, the Channel Islands the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey , even though these islands are strictly speaking an archipelago immediately off the coast of Normandy France rather than part of the British Isles.

In his response, the Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs stated that "The British Isles is not an officially recognised term in any legal or inter-governmental sense.

It is without any official status. The Government, including the Department of Foreign Affairs, does not use this term. Our officials in the Embassy of Ireland, London, continue to monitor the media in Britain for any abuse of the official terms as set out in the Constitution of Ireland and in legislation.

These include the name of the State, the President, Taoiseach and others. As a geographical and political term: Rooney will not start in England farewell.

Shilton 'surprised' by Rooney return. Rooney set for one-off England appearance. Wembley train line shut for England game.

Ruddock 'deliberately broke Cole's legs'. Loftus-Cheek v Mount - stick or move for England chance? Fans pay tribute to Kevin Beattie.

England up to fifth in Fifa rankings. Nelson happy after rocky Bundesliga start. Terry 'four or five years' from managing. Rooney deserves best possible send off - Southgate Manager Gareth Southgate says England's record goal scorer Wayne Rooney "deserves the best possible send off" when he makes his farewell appearance against the United States.

Was this his greatest goal? Footballers' barber training up the youth. Never heard of him'. Jones 'feels sorry' for injured Billy Vunipola. Nelson hits 'absolute cracker' as England U21s cruise past Scotland.

Croatia v England - 1, miles without a ticket. England deserved to win in Croatia - Southgate. Wilson has overcome 'incredible setbacks' Bournemouth striker Callum Wilson has had to overcome some "incredible setbacks" on his way to becoming Gareth Southgate's latest recruit.

Is Rooney's return an indulgence too far? Should England go for points or experiment? Is Southgate beginning a bold new era?

Does youthful squad signal a changing of the guard for England?

Armorica , where the Bretons would settle [ when? Belgae and Silures also came from Gallic areas, although not strictly "Celtic", but from Gallia Belgica and Aquitainia.

Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term Prydain , Britain , [32] and has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne. The latter referred to the early Brythonic speaking inhabitants of the Scottish highlands and the north of Scotland, [32] who are known as the Cruithne in Scottish Gaelic , and who the Romans called Picts or Caledonians.

Caesar's invasions of Britain brought descriptions of the peoples of what he called Britannia pars interior , "inland Britain", in 55 BC.

For example, in Geography 2. Pliny the Elder writing around AD 70 uses a Latin version of the same terminology in section 4.

He writes of Great Britain: Albion ipsi nomen fuit, cum Britanniae vocarentur omnes de quibus mox paulo dicemus. In the following section, 4.

In his Geography written in the mid 2nd century and probably describing the position around AD , [32] Ptolemy includes both Great Britain Albion and Ireland Iwernia in the so called Bretanic island group.

These and later Roman coins introduced the seated figure of Britannia which would be reintroduced in the 17th century.

In the later years of Roman rule Britons who left Latin inscriptions, both at home and elsewhere in the Empire, often described themselves as Brittanus or Britto , and where describing their citizenship gave it as cives of a British tribe or of a patria homeland of Britannia , not Roma.

While Latin remained the language of learning, from the early mediaeval period records begin to appear in native languages.

The earliest indigenous source to use a collective term for the archipelago is the Life of Saint Columba , a hagiography recording the missionary activities of the sixth century Irish monk Saint Columba among the peoples of what is now Scotland.

Another early native source to use a collective term is the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum of Bede written in the early eighth century.

The collective term for the archipelago used within this work is insularum meaning "islands" Book 1, 8 and it too is used sparingly. He stated that Britain "studies and confesses one and the same knowledge of the highest truth in the tongues of five nations, namely the Angles, the Britons, the Scots, the Picts, and the Latins", distinguishing between the Brythonic languages of the "ancient Britons" or Old Welsh speakers and other language groups.

Wales was sometimes united under princes or kings such as Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. In subsequent Norman Ireland , local lords gained considerable autonomy from the Lordship of Ireland until it became the Kingdom of Ireland under direct English rule.

Abraham Ortelius makes clear his understanding that England, Scotland and Ireland were politically separate in by the full title of his map: Angliae, Scotiae et Hiberniae, sive Britannicar.

George Lily 's map divides Britain into the two kingdoms of England and Scotland, with Ireland alongside. Some maps from this period also appear to mark Wales, and sometimes Cornwall, as separate areas within Britain, while the history of England created by Polydore Vergil [38] for Henry VIII states, "The whole country of Britain is divided into four parts, whereof the one is inhabited by Englishmen, the other of Scots, the third Welshmen and the fourth of Cornish people.

Maps of the Mediaeval, Renaissance and later periods often referred to Albion. This archaic term was originally used by Ptolemy and Pliny to mean the island of Great Britain.

In later centuries its meaning changed to refer only to the area we now call Scotland Albany , or Alba in Gaelic.

Albion has survived as a poetic name for Britain but it is not in everyday use. These terms gained in popularity during the 19th century.

The most lasting example of this usage was in the name of the North British Railway , which became part of the London and North Eastern Railway in , and in the name of the North British Hotel, built by the railway in Edinburgh in , which retained the name until it reopened in as the Balmoral Hotel.

The diagram on the right gives an indication of the further evolution of kingdoms and states. He styled himself as James I of Great Britain , although both states retained their sovereignty and independent parliaments, the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England.

The term "Great Britain" itself reportedly dates from as early as , and was in common usage from the midth century onwards.

Irish unrest culminated in the Irish War of Independence and the separation of the Irish Free State , which later became a republic with the name Ireland.

British overseas territories such as Bermuda , Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands have various relationships with the UK. The Commonwealth of Nations , initially formalised in the British Commonwealth until , is an association of independent states roughly corresponding to the former British Empire.

This has no connection with the Commonwealth of England , a short-lived republic replacing the previous kingdoms during the English Interregnum — The adjectives used to describe the contents and attributes of the various constituent parts of the British Isles also cause confusion.

In the absence of a single adjective to refer to the United Kingdom , British is generally used to refer to the United Kingdom as a whole.

However, in a specifically physical geographical sense, British is used to refer to the island of Great Britain.

Irish , refers to people or a characteristic "of Ireland". Northern Ireland , as a constituent part of the United Kingdom , can thus be both British or Irish , reflected in the ability for residents of Northern Ireland to take either British or Irish citizenship.

Members of the Nationalist communities would not describe themselves as British and would only use the terms Irish , or specifically Northern Irish where needed.

The term Ulster can also be used as an adjective e. The term Ulsterman or Ulsterwoman is common and holds no such political connotation.

Likewise, Nationalists might describe, say, a lake in Northern Ireland as Irish. The "Northern" in "Northern Ireland" is not completely accurate.

The dictionary definition of British Isles is that it is a geographical term that refers to the whole of Ireland and Great Britain as well as the surrounding islands.

It is sometimes incorrectly used as if identical to the UK; [ citation needed ] or to refer to Great Britain and the surrounding islands, excluding the island of Ireland entirely.

The term British Isles can also be considered irritating or offensive by some [50] on the grounds that the modern association of the term British with the United Kingdom makes its application to Ireland inappropriate.

The term British Isles can also be considered to imply a proprietary title on the entire archipelago. The policy of the government of Ireland is that no branch of government should use the term, [52] and although it is on occasion used in a geographical sense in Irish parliamentary debates, this is often done in a way that excludes the Republic of Ireland.

In October , The Times quoted a spokesman for the Irish Embassy in London as saying that they would discourage its use.

During a stop-over visit to the Republic of Ireland in , the leader of the Soviet Union , Mikhail Gorbachev , indicated that he assumed Ireland's head of state was Queen Elizabeth II , given that she was the British Queen and his officials said that Ireland was a part of the British Isles.

In Northern Ireland , some nationalists reject the term and instead use these islands , these isles or "Britain and Ireland" as an alternative.

There have been several suggestions for replacements for the term British Isles. The word "England" is often used synecdochically to refer to Great Britain—or the United Kingdom as a whole [56] [57] —which often causes offence, particularly to those from the non-English parts of Britain.

In a similar way, references to England as an island, [58] to an "English passport", [59] or to Scottish or Welsh places as being in England [59] [60] are examples of this usage of the term "England".

Because of the offence likely to be taken by Scots, Welsh and Irish at this usage, most politicians and official figures have avoided this usage since the early 20th century.

However, there are frequent examples of this usage from earlier times. The colloquial usage of "England" as a synonym for "Britain" is still widespread outside the UK.

In many other languages, such as Chinese, Japanese or Korean, the word for "English" is synonymous with "British"—see the article on Alternative words for British for more detail.

The term " Europe " may be used in one of several different contexts by British and Irish people: Europe may also be used in reference to the European Union or, historically, to the European Economic Community.

When tradesmen are taking measurements in metric, and Audrey fforbes-Hamilton objects on the grounds that the house was built "in feet and inches", a tradesman says "We're in Europe now", referring to the European Economic Community.

Audrey fforbes-Hamilton retorts "Well you may be, but I'm staying here! The word "Great" means "larger", in comparison with Brittany in modern-day France.

One historical term for the peninsula in France that largely corresponds to the modern French province is Lesser or Little Britain. That region was settled by many British immigrants during the period of Anglo-Saxon migration into Britain, and named "Little Britain" by them.

In classical times, the Graeco-Roman geographer Ptolemy in his Almagest also called the larger island megale Brettania great Britain.

At that time, it was in contrast to the smaller island of Ireland , which he called mikra Brettania little Britain. Geographically England includes the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus such offshore islands as the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly.

It is bordered by two other countries of the United Kingdom: England is closer to the European continent than any other part of mainland Britain.

Most of England's landscape consists of low hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain in the north and west of the country.

The northern uplands include the Pennines , a chain of uplands dividing east and west, the Lake District mountains in Cumbria, and the Cheviot Hills , straddling the border between England and Scotland.

The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. There are karst landscapes in calcite areas such as parts of Yorkshire and Derbyshire.

The Pennine landscape is high moorland in upland areas, indented by fertile valleys of the region's rivers. They contain two national parks , the Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District.

In the West Country , Dartmoor and Exmoor of the Southwest Peninsula include upland moorland supported by granite, and enjoy a mild climate ; both are national parks.

The English Lowlands are in the central and southern regions of the country, consisting of green rolling hills, including the Cotswold Hills , Chiltern Hills , North and South Downs ; where they meet the sea they form white rock exposures such as the cliffs of Dover.

England has a temperate maritime climate: The coldest months are January and February, the latter particularly on the English coast , while July is normally the warmest month.

Months with mild to warm weather are May, June, September and October. Important influences on the climate of England are its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean , its northern latitude and the warming of the sea by the Gulf Stream.

The Greater London Built-up Area is by far the largest urban area in England [] and one of the busiest cities in the world.

It is considered a global city and has a population larger than other countries in the United Kingdom besides England itself. While many cities in England are quite large, such as Birmingham , Sheffield , Manchester, Liverpool , Leeds , Newcastle , Bradford , Nottingham , population size is not a prerequisite for city status.

England is a leader in the chemical [] and pharmaceutical sectors and in key technical industries, particularly aerospace , the arms industry , and the manufacturing side of the software industry.

Originally established as private banker to the government of England, since it has been a state-owned institution.

The government has devolved responsibility to the bank's Monetary Policy Committee for managing the monetary policy of the country and setting interest rates.

England is highly industrialised, but since the s there has been a decline in traditional heavy and manufacturing industries, and an increasing emphasis on a more service industry oriented economy.

The export part of the economy is dominated by pharmaceuticals , cars although many English marques are now foreign-owned, such as Land Rover , Lotus , Jaguar and Bentley , crude oil and petroleum from the English parts of North Sea oil along with Wytch Farm , aircraft engines and alcoholic beverages.

It is also a principal subcontractor on the F35 Joint Strike Fighter — the world's largest single defence project — for which it designs and manufactures a range of components including the aft fuselage, vertical and horizontal tail and wing tips and fuel system.

It also manufactures the Hawk , the world's most successful jet training aircraft. Rolls-Royce PLC is the world's second-largest aero-engine manufacturer.

Its engines power more than 30 types of commercial aircraft, and it has more 30, engines currently in service across both the civil and defence sectors.

With a workforce of over 12, people, Derby has the largest concentration of Rolls-Royce employees in the UK. Rolls-Royce also produces low-emission power systems for ships; makes critical equipment and safety systems for the nuclear industry and powers offshore platforms and major pipelines for the oil and gas industry.

The company builds the buses — the underlying structure onto which the payload and propulsion systems are built — for most of the European Space Agency 's spacecraft, as well as commercial satellites.

The world leader in compact satellite systems, Surrey Satellites , is also part of Astrium. Some experts claim that the earliest concept of a metric system was invented by John Wilkins , the first secretary of the Royal Society , in As the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution , England was home to many significant inventors during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Famous English engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel , best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway , a series of famous steamships , and numerous important bridges, hence revolutionising public transport and modern-day engineering.

With his role in the marketing and manufacturing of the steam engine, and invention of modern coinage, Matthew Boulton business partner of James Watt is regarded as one of the most influential entrepreneurs in history.

Inventions and discoveries of the English include: Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation , Newtonian mechanics , and calculus , and Robert Hooke his eponymously named law of elasticity.

Other inventions include the iron plate railway, the thermosiphon , tarmac , the rubber band , the mousetrap , "cat's eye" road marker , joint development of the light bulb , steam locomotives , the modern seed drill and many modern techniques and technologies used in precision engineering.

The Department for Transport is the government body responsible for overseeing transport in England.

There are many motorways in England , and many other trunk roads, such as the A1 Great North Road , which runs through eastern England from London to Newcastle [] much of this section is motorway and onward to the Scottish border.

The red double-decker buses in London have become a symbol of England. There is a rapid transit network in two English cities: Rail transport in England is the oldest in the world: There are plans to reopen lines such as the Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge.

These lines are mostly standard gauge single , double or quadruple track though there are also a few narrow gauge lines.

There is rail transport access to France and Belgium through an undersea rail link, the Channel Tunnel , which was completed in England has extensive domestic and international aviation links.

The largest airport is Heathrow , which is the world's busiest airport measured by number of international passengers. The Thames is the major waterway in England, with imports and exports focused at the Port of Tilbury in the Thames Estuary, one of the United Kingdom's three major ports.

The National Health Service NHS is the publicly funded healthcare system in England responsible for providing the majority of healthcare in the country.

It was based on the findings of the Beveridge Report , prepared by economist and social reformer William Beveridge.

The average life expectancy of people in England is The English people are a British people. In , when the Domesday Book was compiled, England had a population of two million.

Other people from much further afield in the former British colonies have arrived since the s: England contains one indigenous national minority, the Cornish people , recognised by the UK government under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in By the 15th century, English was back in fashion among all classes, though much changed; the Middle English form showed many signs of French influence, both in vocabulary and spelling.

During the English Renaissance , many words were coined from Latin and Greek origins. Thanks in large part to the British Empire , the English language is the world's unofficial lingua franca.

English language learning and teaching is an important economic activity , and includes language schooling , tourism spending, and publishing.

There is no legislation mandating an official language for England, [] but English is the only language used for official business.

Despite the country's relatively small size, there are many distinct regional accents , and individuals with particularly strong accents may not be easily understood everywhere in the country.

As well as English, England has two other indigenous languages , Cornish and Welsh. Cornish died out as a community language in the 18th century but is being revived, [] [] and is now protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

When the modern border between Wales and England was established by the Laws in Wales Acts and , many Welsh-speaking communities found themselves on the English side of the border.

Welsh was spoken in Archenfield in Herefordshire into the nineteenth century, [] and by natives of parts of western Shropshire until the middle of the twentieth century if not later.

State schools teach students a second language , usually French, German or Spanish. However, following the census data released by the Office for National Statistics , figures now show that Polish is the main language spoken in England after English.

In the census, The church regards itself as both Catholic and Protestant. It forms part of the Anglican Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury acting as its symbolic worldwide head.

Since its reintroduction after the Catholic Emancipation , the Church has organised ecclesiastically on an England and Wales basis where there are 4.

A form of Protestantism known as Methodism is the third largest Christian practice and grew out of Anglicanism through John Wesley. The patron saint of England is Saint George ; his symbolic cross is included in the flag of England, as well as in the Union Flag as part of a combination.

There are non-Christian religions practised. Jews have a history of a small minority on the island since Especially since the s, religions from the former British colonies have grown in numbers, due to immigration.

A small minority of the population practise ancient Pagan religions. Neopaganism in the United Kingdom is primarily represented by Wicca and Witchcraft religions , Druidry , and Heathenry.

According to the UK Census , there are roughly 53, people who identify as Pagan in England, [nb 5] and 3, in Wales , [nb 5] including 11, Wiccans in England and in Wales.

The Department for Education is the government department responsible for issues affecting people in England up to the age of 19, including education.

Children who are between the ages of 3 and 5 attend nursery or an Early Years Foundation Stage reception unit within a primary school.

Children between the ages of 5 and 11 attend primary school, and secondary school is attended by those aged between 11 and After finishing compulsory education, students take GCSE examinations.

Students may then opt to continue into further education for two years. Further education colleges particularly sixth form colleges often form part of a secondary school site.

A-level examinations are sat by a large number of further education students, and often form the basis of an application to university.

Although most English secondary schools are comprehensive , in some areas there are selective intake grammar schools , to which entrance is subject to passing the eleven-plus exam.

Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree.

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills is the government department responsible for higher education in England. Students are then able to work towards a postgraduate degree, which usually takes one year, or towards a doctorate, which takes three or more years.

Since the establishment of Bedford College London , Girton College Cambridge and Somerville College Oxford in the 19th century , women also can obtain a university degree.

Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period; amongst the best known are Stonehenge , Devil's Arrows , Rudston Monolith and Castlerigg.

Perhaps the best-known example is Hadrian's Wall stretching right across northern England. Early Medieval architecture's secular buildings were simple constructions mainly using timber with thatch for roofing.

Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno — Saxon monasticism , [] [] to Early Christian basilica and architecture characterised by pilaster-strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular headed openings.

After the Norman conquest in various Castles in England were created so law lords could uphold their authority and in the north to protect from invasion.

Throughout the Plantagenet era, an English Gothic architecture flourished, with prime examples including the medieval cathedrals such as Canterbury Cathedral , Westminster Abbey and York Minster.

Medieval architecture was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style ; the four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch , was a defining feature as were wattle and daub houses domestically.

In the aftermath of the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity synthesised with Christianity appeared, the English Baroque style of architect Christopher Wren being particularly championed.

Georgian architecture followed in a more refined style, evoking a simple Palladian form; the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this.

With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian period, a Gothic Revival was launched. In addition to this, around the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace.

Since the s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance movements continue with support in influential places.

English folklore developed over many centuries. Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions.

Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves. While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, for instance the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith , [] others date from after the Norman invasion; Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham being, perhaps, the best known.

During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth.

Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore. Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.

The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate. There are various national and regional folk activities, participated in to this day, such as Morris dancing , Maypole dancing , Rapper sword in the North East, Long Sword dance in Yorkshire, Mummers Plays , bottle-kicking in Leicestershire, and cheese-rolling at Cooper's Hill.

Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.

The cuisine of England has, however, recently undergone a revival, which has been recognised by food critics with some good ratings in Restaurant ' s best restaurant in the world charts.

Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.

Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest.

Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti. Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.

Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza , [] and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.

The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.

There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.

Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth , [] while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.

More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. The English played a significant role in romanticism: In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.

Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G.

Cole are somewhat related. Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.

It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject [] and spent most of his composing life in London, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, The Messiah , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.

One of his four Coronation Anthems , Zadok the Priest , composed for the coronation of George II , has been performed at every subsequent British coronation , traditionally during the sovereign's anointing.

In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.

Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.

Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. A Story of the London Fog , helped shape the thriller genre in film, while his film, Blackmail , is often regarded as the first British sound feature film.

Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton. Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.

English Heritage is a governmental body with a broad remit of managing the historic sites, artefacts and environments of England. It is currently sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

There are many museums in England, but perhaps the most notable is London's British Museum. Its collection of more than seven million objects [] is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world, [] sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.

England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world.

Sports originating in England include association football, [] cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash , [] rounders , [] hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.

It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in In the modern day, the Premier League is the world's most-watched football league, [] most lucrative, [] and amongst the elite.

As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.

Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald.

One of the game's top rivalries is The Ashes series between England and Australia , contested since The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7.

However they have hosted the ICC World Twenty20 in , winning this format in beating rivals Australia in the final. William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games.

England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years. Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.

Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.

Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.

Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria. Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F.

Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf.

England has produced grand slam winners: The world's oldest golf tournament, and golf's first major is The Open Championship , played both in England and Scotland.

The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.

Tennis was created in Birmingham, England in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.

Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles [] and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.

English women who have won Wimbledon include: Ann Haydon Jones in and Virginia Wade in In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.

Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.

It is the most watched horse race in the UK, attracting casual observers, and three-time winner Red Rum is the most successful racehorse in the event's history.

England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.

Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.

Another popular sport commonly associated with pub games is Snooker , and England has produced several world champions, including Steve Davis and Ronnie O'Sullivan.

The English are keen sailors and enjoy competitive sailing ; founding and winning some of the worlds most famous and respected international competitive tournaments across the various race formats, including the match race , a regatta, and the America's Cup.

The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.

The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.

A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.

There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose , the nation's floral emblem , and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England.

The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace.

It is also known as the Rose of England. The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.

England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: St George is the patron saint of England.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

England in the Middle Ages. East Riding of Yorkshire. Ceremonial counties of England. List of places in England.

List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society. English diaspora , Cornish people , and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom.

English language in England. English language , History of the English language , and Cornish language. Official, but not majority language. History of Christianity in England.

List of universities in England. Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England. Their sensational campaign goes on.

Whenever they return home, they will do so as national heroes. If, as seems likely, this is the end of Hodgson's reign, it was not the way he would have wished to depart.

They just continue to defy all odds, showing an immense mentality along the way. They had the worst start imaginable, but their reply was immediate.

This illustrates so well the mental strength the team have. The fairy tale lives on. No use for commercial purposes may be made of such trademarks.

Please choose a password. Keep me signed in. Profile Account settings Preferences Log out. History Overview Background Memories Iceland into quarter-finals after stunning England Published: Monday 27 June ,

Does youthful squad signal a changing of the guard for England? Likewise, Nationalists might describe, say, casino öffnungszeiten fronleichnam lake in Northern Ireland as Irish. Their sensational campaign goes on. Archived from the original on 9 June The Krasnodar defender scored, almost made it with an audacious bicycle kick and produced a perfectly timed tackle to preserve the lead when faced with the onrushing Vardy. He swings his right foot and shins the ball over the bar. Wright, Kevin J There are many motorways in Englandand many other trunk roads, such as the A1 Great North Roadwhich runs through eastern England from London to Newcastle [] much of this section is motorway and onward to the Scottish border. Osborne's budget has been far from generous". One of his four Coronation AnthemsZadok the Priestcomposed casino five krefeld the coronation of George IIhas been performed at casino mit paypal einzahlung aus deutschland subsequent British coronationtraditionally during the casino midas no deposit bonus codes anointing. By using this site, you agree to the Terms action money Use and Privacy Policy. Archived from the original on 16 November However they have hosted the ICC World Twenty20 inwinning this format in beating rivals Australia in the final.

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